The Chi was about to make war on Chuan-yue

1. The Chi was about to make war on Chuan-yue.

When Confucius saw Jan Yu and Chi-lu, they said to him, The Chi

is going to deal with Chuan-yue.

Confucius said, After all, Ch'iu, art thou not in the wrong? The

kings of old made Chuan-yue lord of Tung Meng. Moreover, as

Chuan-yue is inside our borders it is the liege of the spirits of earth

and corn of our land; so how can ye make war upon it?

Jan Yu said, Our master wishes it. Tzu-lu and I, his two ministers, do

not, either of us, wish it.

Confucius said, Ch'iu, Chou Jen used to say, 'He that can put forth

his strength takes his place in the line; he that cannot stands back.'

Who would take to help him a man that is no stay in danger and no

support in falling? Moreover, what thou sayest is wrong. If a tiger or

a buffalo escapes from his pen, if tortoiseshell or jade is broken in

its case, who is to blame?

Jan Yu said, But Chuan-yue is now strong, and it is near to Pi; if

it is not taken now, in days to come it will bring sorrow on our sons

and grandsons.

Ch'iu, said Confucius, instead of saying 'I want it,' a gentleman

hates to plead that he needs must. I have heard that fewness of men

does not vex a king or a chief, but unlikeness of lot vexes him.

Poverty does not vex him, but want of peace vexes him. For if wealth

were even, no one would be poor. In harmony is number; peace prevents

a fall. Thus, if far off tribes will not submit, bring them in by

encouraging mind and art, and when they come in give them peace. But

now, when far off tribes will not submit, ye two, helpers of your

lord, cannot bring them in. The kingdom is split and falling, and ye

cannot save it. Yet inside our land ye plot to move spear and shield!

The sorrows of Chi's grandsons will not rise in Chuan-yue, I fear: they

will rise within the palace wall.

2. Confucius said, When the Way is kept below heaven, courtesy, music

and punitive wars flow from the Son of heaven. When the Way is lost

below heaven, courtesy, music and punitive wars flow from the great

vassals. When they flow from the great vassals they will rarely last

for ten generations. When they flow from the great ministers they will

rarely last for five generations. When underlings sway the country's

fate they will rarely last for three generations. When the Way is kept

below heaven power does not lie with the great ministers. When the Way

is kept below heaven common folk do not argue.

3. Confucius said, For five generations its income has passed from the

ducal house; for four generations power has lain with the great

ministers: and humbled, therefore, are the sons and grandsons of the

three Huan.

4. Confucius said, There are three friends that help us, and three

that do us harm. The friends that help us are a straight friend, an

outspoken friend, and a friend that has heard much. The friends that

harm us are plausible friends, friends that like to flatter, and

friends with a glib tongue.

5. Confucius said, There are three delights that do good, and three

that do us harm. Those that do good are delight in dissecting good

form and music, delight in speaking of the good in men, and delight in

having many worthy friends. Those that do harm are proud delights,

delight in idle roving, and delight in the joys of the feast.

6. Confucius said. Men that wait upon lords fall into three mistakes.

To speak before the time has come is rashness. Not to speak when the

time has come is secrecy. To speak heedless of looks is blindness.

7. Confucius said, A gentleman has three things to guard against.

In the days of thy youth, ere thy strength is steady, beware of lust.

When manhood is reached, in the fulness of strength, beware of strife.

In old age, when thy strength is broken, beware of greed.

8. Confucius said, A gentleman holds three things in awe. He is in

awe of the Bidding of Heaven; he is in awe of great men; and he is

awed by the words of the holy.

The small man knows not the Bidding of Heaven, and holds it not in

awe. He is saucy towards the great; he makes game of holy men's words.

9. Confucius said, The best men are born wise. Next come those that

grow wise by learning; then those that learn from toil. Those that do

not learn from toil are the lowest of the people.

10. Confucius said, A gentleman has nine aims. To see clearly; to

understand what he hears; to be warm in manner, dignified in bearing,

faithful of speech, keen at work; to ask when in doubt; in anger to

think of difficulties; and in sight of gain to think of right.

11. Confucius said, In sight of good to be filled with longing; to

look on evil as scalding to the touch: I have seen such men, I have

heard such words.

To live apart and search thy will; to achieve thy Way, by doing right:

I have heard these words, but I have seen no such men.

12. Ching, Duke of Ch'i, had a thousand teams of horses; but the

people, on his death day, found no good in him to praise. Po-yi

and Shu-ch'i starved at the foot of Shou-yang, and to this day

the people still praise them.

Is not this the clue to that?

13. Ch'en K'ang asked Po-yue, Apart from us, have ye heard

anything, Sir?

He answered, No: once as my father stood alone and I sped across the

hall, he said to me, Art thou learning poetry? I answered, No. He that

does not learn poetry, he said, has no hold on words. I withdrew and

learned poetry.

Another day, when he again stood alone and I sped across the hall, he

said to me, Art thou learning courtesy? I answered, No. He that does

not learn courtesy, he said, has no foothold. I withdrew and learned

courtesy. These two things I have heard.

Ch'en K'ang withdrew, and cried gladly, I asked one thing, and I get

three! I hear of poetry; I hear of courtesy; and I hear too that a

gentleman stands aloof from his son.

14. A king speaks of his wife as 'my wife.' She calls herself

'handmaid.' Her subjects speak of her as 'our lord's wife,' but when

they speak to foreigners, they say 'our little queen.' Foreigners

speak of her, too, as 'the lord's wife.'

Of the Chi having eight rows of dancers in his courtyard, The lord of Wei left, the lord of Chi was made a slave, facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmail