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Yao said, Hail to thee, Shun! The count that Heaven is telling

1. Yao said, Hail to thee, Shun! The count that Heaven is telling

falls on thee. Keep true hold of the centre. If there be stress or

want within the four seas, the gift of Heaven will pass for ever.

Shun laid the same commands on Yue.

T'ang said, I, Thy little child Li, dare to offer this black steer,

and dare to proclaim before Thee, Almighty Lord, that I dare not

forgive sin, nor keep down
Thy ministers. Search them, O Lord, in

Thine heart. If Our life be sinful, visit it not upon the ten thousand

homesteads. If the ten thousand homesteads sin, the sin is on Our


Chou bestowed great gifts, and good men grew rich.

'Loving hearts are better than near kinsmen. All the people blame no

one but me.'

He saw to weights and measures, revised the laws, and brought back

broken officers. Order reigned everywhere. He revived ruined kingdoms

and restored fiefs that had fallen in. All hearts below heaven turned

to him. The people's food, burials and worship weighed most with him.

His bounty gained the many, his truth won the people's trust, his

earnestness brought success, his justice made men glad.

2. Tzu-chang asked Confucius, How should men be governed?

The Master said, To govern men we must honour five fair things and

spurn four evil things.

Tzu-chang said, What are the five fair things?

The Master said, A gentleman is kind, but not wasteful; he burdens,

but he does not embitter; he is covetous, but not greedy; high-minded,

but not proud; stern, but not fierce.

Tzu-chang said, What is meant by kindness without waste?

The Master said, To further what furthers the people, is not that

kindness without waste? If burdens be sorted to strength, who will

grumble? To covet love and get love, is that greed? Few or many, small

or great, all is one to a gentleman: he dares not slight any man. Is

not this to be high-minded, but not proud? A gentleman straightens his

robe and cap, and settles his look. He is severe, and men look up to

him with awe. Is not this to be stern, but not fierce?

Tzu-chang said, What are the four evil things?

The Master said, To leave untaught and then kill is cruelty; not to

give warning and to expect things to be done is tyranny; to give

careless orders and be strict when the day comes is robbery; to be

stingy in rewarding men is littleness.

3. The Master said, He that does not know the Bidding cannot be a

gentleman. Not to know good form is to have no foothold. Not to know

words is to know nothing of men.